Vegetable Garden Layouts

Vegetable Garden Layouts

The key to a functional vegetable garden layout is a preparation, location, and, of course, vegetation. It is very easy to create a large yield of vegetables if your seeds and seed types are carefully determined by spacing and grouping.

The design choice is determined by the amount of space you have to allocate to your vegetable garden, the types of vegetables and herbs you wish to grow and harvest, and whether you wish to have an above or below ground garden.

If you have the resources, an above ground, raised bed garden is preferred. The soil within warms faster and stays warm longer. This is important if the climate in which you are growing your vegetables is cooler. Also, water is able to drain through the soil easier; excess moisture can escape further into the ground – your vegetables will use the water it needs and will not drown in the water it does not maximizing its usage. Raised beds can also allow for vegetables with longer root systems to spread.

When planning a location for your vegetable garden layout, ensure it is an area that has sun exposure for at least the majority of the day. The sun plays just as an important roll in the maturing of your vegetables as the soil and water around them.

A vegetable garden layout that makes use of its space efficiently is that by the use of four square feet blocks – every inch of the garden can be used and you wont have to step within it to either water or harvest your vegetables, which causes the earth to be compacted causing the root systems in the soil to suffocate. This also allows for a longer life span for the soil and less need to add fresh soil.
Inter-planting is the key to maximum yield from the four square spacing. This method of gardening calculates the amount of space a particular herb or vegetable requires to mature without interference from other herbs or vegetables. While, say, four broccoli plants grow tall one foot apart from each other, sixty four lower-growing radishes or carrots can flourish and grow beneath them three inches apart from each other.

Another aspect of this vegetable garden layout is the deliberate use of seeds. While many gardeners use the toss and grow method, this method allows for less seeds to be used, maximizing on cost savings.

Planting taller-growing vegetables on the North side of the garden, such as beans and tomatoes, will keep them from shading the lower-growing vegetables. If you plan on growing vine types, such as squash or watermelons, they may want to live in their own environment or below higher-growing vegetables so as not to smother them.

If space is less limited for your vegetable garden layout, the method that will serve you best would be row-planting where seeds can be evenly-spaced in parallel rows 2 feet apart from each other allowing for walk ways between the enriched aerated soil where you will not disturb the root systems while watering and harvesting. The rows can be either in square or rectangle formations or even in a spiderweb or pizza formation (where watering can be done from a central location).